Arthritis is a common condition that causes pain and inflammation in a joint. The two most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Other types of arthritis and related conditions include Ankylosing spondylitis, Cervical spondylosis, Fibromyalgia, Lupus, Gout, Psoriatic arthritis, Enteropathic arthritis, Reactive arthritis, Secondary arthritis and Polymyalgia rheumatica.
Aquatic Therapy - What are the benefits of exercise in water for managing Arthritis?
- The body’s natural buoyancy in water relieves body weight, allowing for functional movements (such as walking, squatting, lunging or step up’s) to be practiced with less stress on joints and their supporting muscles.
- The hydrostatic pressure of the water can have positive effects on reducing joint swelling, which in turn improves blood flow and helps regain more range of motion and reduces pain.
- Further positive influences on pain regulation are due to the relaxation effect of warm water and suppression of the sympathetic nervous system associated with water immersion.
- The sensory input of the water can also increase body position sense enabling improved feelings of balance and confidence.
- Through increased confidence and reduced pain, patients are able to move more freely. This can then have a feed forward effect, where future behaviours and movements can potentially determine long term management outcomes.